The speed of action in critical situations sometimes plays a decisive role. Therefore, it is important to memorize in advance how to provide first aid for bleeding, burns, loss of consciousness, and injury.
Common First Aid Scenarios
First Aid for Bleeding?
If the blood is bright in color and actively flows out in a fountain – arterial bleeding. It is important to clamp the vessel above the wound to reduce the rate of blood loss.
If the blood is dark, thick, and slowly flows out – venous bleeding. It is important to cover the wound with a swab, tightly bandage, and raise the limb above the level of the heart. Do not remove foreign objects or blood clots from the wound, as this may increase bleeding.
The most common places for finger pressure are the neck, the inner surfaces of the upper arm, and the thigh.
First Aid for Arterial Bleeding in a Victim?
We will separately analyze this type of bleeding since it is very dangerous due to the rate of blood loss. You need to act as organized and clear as possible.
After clamping the vessel above the wound, be sure to record the time the tourniquet was applied. If after half an hour there is no way to get professional medical help, you need to loosen the tourniquet and wait for the blood circulation to resume. Otherwise, there is a risk of tissue necrosis. If the bleeding continues, re-apply the tourniquet and record a new time.
If the artery of the limbs is damaged, the arm or leg should be fixed in a curved and elevated position.
First Aid for Burns
The main rule for burns: lower the temperature on the skin area: hold it under cold water for 10 minutes (except in situations of severe damage to large areas, because it can provoke shock), and do not lubricate with oils and fatty creams (this maintains a high temperature). Use cold, sterile, lint-free dressings.
First Aid for Fainting
When fainting, it is important to help lie down, keep the airways clear and provide fresh air. You can also raise your legs above the level of your head (put one of the available objects under them), this will promote blood flow to the brain.
You can also get: How to Sit on a Twine: Exercises and Recommendations
First Aid for Injury
An important point in wound care is whether there are foreign objects in the wound.
- If not, it is necessary to block access to the air wound. In the case of a penetrating wound, we close both the inlet and outlet.
- If there is a foreign object, it is dangerous to remove it on your own, you can damage the internal organs or provoke increased bleeding. Secure the foreign object with a bandage or clean cloth. The goal is to avoid changing the position of the object.
No less important than quick action when providing first aid is the ability to remain calm and quickly return to a balanced emotional state. Techniques that will help this are collected in the article at the link. Safety for you and your loved ones!
FAQ 1: How can I stop bleeding when it’s severe?
If someone is bleeding severely, press firmly on the wound with a clean cloth or your hand. Keep pressing until the doctor comes to help.
FAQ 2: What should I do if someone gets burned?
If someone gets burned, take away the thing that caused the burn. Cool the burn with water for at least 10 minutes. Cover it with a clean bandage and get help from a grown-up.
FAQ 3: Do I need to call for help if someone faints?
It’s a good idea to call for help if someone faints, especially if it’s their first time fainting, if they don’t wake up quickly, or if anything else seems wrong.
FAQ 4: How do I know if an injury is serious and needs a doctor right away?
If someone is bleeding a lot, finding it hard to breathe, feeling chest pain, passing out, or has bad burns or broken bones, they need to see a doctor right away. Also, if they can’t move or use their body normally, it’s important to get help quickly.
FAQ 5: How often should I check and refill my first aid kit?
It’s a good idea to check and refill your first aid kit every six months. Make sure all the things in it are okay, not expired, and replace anything you’ve used up or that’s too old.