Understanding Thrush: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

There are topics that are not customary to talk about openly. One of them is thrush. This is a common problem that most women are familiar with. But where does it come from, and how to recognize and treat it?

What is Thrush

What is Thrush?

To begin with, if you have no complaints, but candida was found in a smear – IT IS NOT NEEDED TO TREAT IT. This is not a disease and you are a healthy woman since Candida is part of the normal microflora of the vagina (the so-called opportunistic flora). Why opportunistic? Because under certain conditions that cause an imbalance in the microflora of the vagina, excessive growth of Candida can occur, and this is already thrush or candidal colpitis.

Causes of Thrush

It often happens that the problem appears on its own and there seems to be no reason to provoke it. But there are a number of factors to consider that we might never pay attention to. Therefore, below is a list of reasons that provoke the growth of conditionally pathogenic flora:

  • Taking antibiotics;
  • Pregnancy;
  • COC or use of hormonal contraception in the form of a transdermal patch, or vaginal ring;
  • Spermicides in the form of sponges, suppositories, and tablets;
  • IUD (extremely rare);
  • Diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2;
  • Taking glucocorticoids;
  • Immunosuppression in the treatment of HIV or oncology;
  • Tight and synthetic clothing;
  • Use of panty liners and tampons ;
  • Douching;
  • Stress and sleep disturbance.

Causes of Thrush

Keep track of your health, and daily routine and listen to your body to prevent the occurrence of such an unpleasant condition as vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Treatment of Thrush

When do you need treatment, you ask? It’s simple – only if the following symptoms are present:

  • Itching;
  • Burning during urination or sexual contact;
  • Redness and swelling of the mucous membrane of the vagina and vulva;
  • The presence of a discharge that is described as cheesy, lumpy, whitish-gray, or white.

Therefore, in the presence of these signs, you should consult a gynecologist in order to get rid of discomfort as soon as possible and prevent the unpleasant consequences of such a condition.

Candida colpitis is treated only with antimycotic agents applied either topically (suppositories, creams) or systemically (tablets).

The duration of treatment is 1-3 days. Also, in some cases, thrush can resolve on its own even without treatment.

When you notice episodes of candidal colpitis 4 or more times a year, then we are already talking about recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis. And it is in this case that it is necessary to make a bacterial culture with sensitivity to antimycotics and determine the cause of your complaints.

If it is Candida, treatment is prescribed according to sensitivity and long-term (up to 6 months) intake of antimycotic agents once a week.

Should I treat my sexual partner?

This is also one of the most common questions that worry women. If a man has no complaints, he does not need to be treated. And if discomfort is still present, it is not necessary to ignore it. A timely visit to the doctor will help to quickly eliminate the problem.

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Treatment of Thrush

To reduce discomfort during sexual contact, you can use a condom.

A few more recommendations

If you periodically have manifestations of thrush, first of all, eliminate the causes that can provoke it. Treat for a short time, and “restore the flora” is not required.

The good news for women with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis is the use of vaccines. Discuss this with your doctor if necessary.

If you have any questions, write in the comments. Let’s sort them out together.


Is thrush contagious?

No, thrush is not contagious.

2. Can thrush be prevented?

Yes, you can take steps to prevent thrush, such as practicing good oral hygiene, avoiding antibiotics unless necessary, managing diabetes, and wearing loose-fitting clothing.

3. Can thrush be treated at home?

In mild cases of thrush, home remedies such as saltwater rinses, probiotics, and coconut oil may be effective. However, it is always best to consult with a healthcare provider before trying any home remedies.

4. How long does it take for the thrush to go away?

The duration of thrush treatment depends on the location and severity of the infection. In most cases, thrush can be treated within a few weeks.

5. Can thrush cause complications?

In rare cases, thrush can cause complications, such as systemic candidiasis, which is a serious condition that can affect the entire body. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of thrush.

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